IS became a serious field of study largely through the development of computers and related technologies.
By information we mean data that has been shaped into a form that is meaningful though not necessarily useful to human beings.
Technically speaking, data and information are the same thing.
One of the major components of a CBIS is people.
Information systems also require feedback, which is output that is returned to the organization tohelp them evaluate or correct the input stage.
The most used application of the Internet is electronic mail.
The technical approach to information systems includes the disciplines of computer science, management science, and operations research.
Development of new systems today often require the development of a new information architecture.
Real-time processing systems were in place long before it became possible to perform batch processing.
The earliest computer applications were in the area of:
decision support systems
transaction processing systems
office information systems
executive support for strategic planning activities
Which of the following is not an example of transaction processing?
supplying informative reports to managers
accounting for customer orders
The earliest systems that were built to supply decision-making information to managers were essentially:
When a credit manager receives a weekly printed report on the payment histories of customers, that report is likely a product of a(n):
An information system that allows managers to interactively browse through data in an unspecified order, analyze them using any variety of models, and create ad hoc reports is most likely to be classified as a(n):
To become information, data must be:
manipulated by the hardware and software of a CBIS
put into a form that is meaningful to someone
capable of being audited
organized into fields, records, and files
The generic term for the highest ranking MIS executive in an organization is:
In its most basic form, a CBIS is composed of:
hardware, software, data, procedures, and people
hardware, software, and people
hardware, software, data, procedures, and organization
data and information
The focus of an ESS is on ___________.
TPS systems span the boundary between the organization and its _______________.
The principal purpose of a system at the _______ level is to answer routine questions and to track the flow of transactions through the organization.
In general, ____________ __________ are people who hold formal university degrees and who are members of a recognized profession, like engineers, doctors, lawyers, and scientists.
According to your textbook, Baxter International uses an approach known as _____ ______ to allow its customers to totally eliminate the need to carry any inventory.
List the four main types of information systems that serve different organizational levels and the groups served.